The Guide to Business Partners in Eastern Europe
Internal structure of Sea Port of St. Petersburg
The Port's territory is divided into 4 cargo areas which perform the main activity.
The berths of the first area of the port, located along the mouth of the Neva river, in Gutuevsky Kovsh and partly along the Sea channel, are used for the handling of export-import bulk, general and packed cargoes.
Service is extended to ships that are 185 m long and have a draught of 9,76 m.
The berths of the second cargo area are situated along the Sea channel and in the Barochny Basin. One deep water berth can accept passenger vessels with length of 217 m. Two berths are allocated for containers of international standard. This area specialises in handling of general export-import cargoes. Service is extended to ships that are 260 m long and have a draught of 11 m.
The third area of the Port is in the territory of Lesnoy Mole. Its berths are used for handling of wheel machinery, pipes, equipment. Eight berths, including four deep-water berths, are equipped for general cargoes and cargoes in packages and bags.
The Western part of the area is the container terminal. Three deep-water berths are equipped for operating with containers and handling of Ro-Ro cargoes. The depth of the water makes it possible to serve vessels having a draught of 11 m and 260 m length.
The fourth area is located in the Coal harbour, it includes two deep-water berths for handling of bulk cargo. Currently the construction of the new container terminal with capacity of 150 thousand of 20-Feet containers a year is being completed. In the Northern part of the area there are two berths of the Oil terminal.
There are anchoring stations at the Coal harbour and on the road of Lesnoy Mole with depth of 10.5m and 11 m, equipped for cargo handling.
Types of handled cargo
Containers and RO-RO Cargoes
Loading and discharging container operations can be carried out in practically all port’s areas but most effectively containers are handled in the 3rd area of the Port in a specialized container terminal equipped with all the necessary machinery for handling of heavy-weight containers.
The output of the container terminal is 100,000 containers annually. The capacity of the terminal is 20,000 containers, and it can handle 300 containers a day.
The container terminal has:
Handled in all cargo areas. Discharge is performed directly to rail-wagons and road transport for further transportation.
At present a new terminal for handling of cargo with controlled temperature of storage is under construction in the 1st area, berth 23.
Bagged and bale cargo
Cargoes in bags and general cargoes in bales and bundles are handled in all cargo areas except the container terminal (with the exception of cargoes coming by Ro-Ro vessels)
Vessels loading/discharging such cargoes arc handled in the 1st and the 2nd areas where specially equipped warehouses are situated.
Heavy-weights are usually discharged in the 3rd area of the Port in the Eastern part of Lesnoy Mole where large open storage grounds and special equipment are situated.
Major part of cargoes is loaded on railway wagons. If necessary, several floating cranes could be used: one with a hoisting capacity of 300 tons, one with a hoisting capacity of 90 tons and several with a hoisting capacity of 15 tons. Handling of heavy weights could be performed in the 1st cargo area of the Port.
This type of cargoflow is one of the most important for the port. Metals are stored in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd cargo areas and can easily be delivered to different berths.
In the 3rd cargo area of the Port the company "Neva-Metal" carries out loading and discharging of metals. The company’s main purpose is to speed up vessels handling and concentrate handling of ferrous metals. The company has at its disposal a sheltered warehouse with an area of 17000 sq. m and qualified personnel which is able to perform loading/discharge and other necessary operations rapidly and efficiently.
Storage arid loading of cellulose and paper is done in the 2nd cargo area. Loading of balances is performed in the 3rd area where discharged wagons can be mmediately loaded with containers coming from the nearest railway line of the container terminal.
Loading and discharge of cars is performed in Ro-Ro berth of the 3rd area near the railway line, equipped by a special ramp for Ro-Ro cargoes.
Liquid products of oil refinery can be handled from/to river tankers on inner anchorages (directly or by lighter) in the water basin between areas 2/3 and 3/4.
Grain is loaded directly to wagons with the help of special equipment. Ocean vessels can be handled on anchorages where grain is loaded directly to river vessels by mobile equipment. Sugar is discharged in the 1st and 2nd cargo areas and then loaded directly to wagons with the help of funnels.
Fertilizers are handled in the 2nd area from containers stuffed with bulk or from open railway wagons with the help of special cranes, They are directly loaded from river vessels by floating cranes. Potash is loaded from wagons and river vessels by a direct variant.
There is a special terminal for coal handling. It is situated in the 4th cargo area and is equipped by two berths: 103 and 104. A large open space allows to store different types of coal separately. Conveyor is used for coal handling. Loading rate is 7000 tons per shift.
The Port's priority investment projects
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